Considered relevant to the gallbladder, black bile, and considered elemental like earth (cold and dry). People who are generally melancholic are easy to spot. They usually have a very visible black cloud following them around. Sometimes less easy to spot are the people who let their dark mood run rampant in all manner of relationships, preventing consensus and compromise. No matter how you try to appeal to their brighter side, they just will not come around.
Words descriptive of the melancholic temperment include:
MELAN-CHOLIC: IS THIS YOU?
Oh, snap out of it, you big crybaby.
If anything really terrible ever happened to you I'd want it notarized.
It's really not that bad -- so get a big bowl of ice cream and take one of these books back to bed with you.
C'mon, pull yourself together.
To correct the melancholic humour, generous doses of sweetness are required. Children's books are a good source of a naiive happiness and innocent sense of well-being, untainted by the world's coldness and your own inner turmoil. Extra sprinkles of nonsense and silliness from poetry or cartoons may be needed in extreme cases. It can also help to hold a pencil sideways in your mouth for an hour or two, as the muscle-nerve connections of your forced "smile" will eventually stimulate a happier mood.
Sweet Books (To support a SANGUINE, or to correct a MELANCHOLIC temperment)
Alice in Wonderland
Cyrano de Bergerac
James and the Giant Peach
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
The Little Prince
The Red Balloon
The Velveteen Rabbit
The Well-Tempered Clavier
The Wizard of Oz
Winnie the Pooh
and also books of poetry by A.A. Milne, Edward Lear, Shel Silverstein, or Ogden Nash